Vaccines contain viruses, bacteria and other disease causing organisms that have been killed or altered so threat they can no longer cause disease. Although the protection afforded by vaccines can be reduced by poor health and poor nutrition, most fully vaccinated animals will be resistant to the disease for which they are vaccinated.
This disease causes respiratory, digestive and nervous system signs in affected dogs and can be fatal in about half of unvaccinated dogs. Recovered dogs may have permanent damage to their nervous systems. The chronic form of the disease can lead to hard pad disease, a chronic thickening of footpads ad encephalitis and an inflammation of the brain. Unvaccinated dogs are at a 350 fold increased risk of contracting this highly contagious disease which is spread by discharges from the nose and eyes of infected dogs.
-Infectious Canine Hepatitis
This virus is spread through infected urine. The virus ma cause liver failure, eye damage, respiratory disease and can be fatal. Commonly encountered signs are vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea and occasionally coughing.
Infection is both serious and widespread in dogs. Signs, which include severe vomiting and diarrhea with blood, result from the virus damaging the gastrointestinal tract. The disease is spread via infected feces. Death in as early as 48-72 hours can occur in some dogs, although sudden death can also occur. Parvovirus infection may also cause marrow suppression and myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle). This virus is very resistant in the environment and is easily carried around on peoples’ shoes and other objects, leading to virus transfer. For this reason, even indoor dogs that never go out require protection.
-Canine Parainfluenza Virus
One of the most common causes of kennel cough, this respiratory disease is caused by a Parainfluenza Virus. Characteristics of kennel cough are a hacking cough, discharge from the nose and occasional fever.
All mammals, including humans are at risk for contracting rabies, which is invariably fatal. Rabid dogs may display listlessness, weakness and paralysis or abnormal aggression. Research shows that animals with rabies can shed the virus (infected people) before the signs are obvious, so avoid close contact with a stray.
A Vaccine for Bordatella bronchiseptica, which is a contributing cause to kennel cough syndrome. Serious infections can lead to pneumonia. Dogs in close contact with other dogs will benefit from this vaccination.
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